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Saturday, August 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Population exposure to SO₂ and NOx from different sources in Stockholm found in the catalog.

Population exposure to SO₂ and NOx from different sources in Stockholm

Sten Laurin

Population exposure to SO₂ and NOx from different sources in Stockholm

by Sten Laurin

  • 105 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published by Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute in Norrköping, Sweden .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Sweden,
  • Stockholm Metropolitan Area
    • Subjects:
    • Sulphur dioxide -- Toxicology -- Sweden -- Stockholm Metropolitan Area -- Mathematical models.,
    • Nitrogen oxides -- Toxicology -- Sweden -- Stockholm Metropolitan Area -- Mathematical models.,
    • Air -- Pollution -- Sweden -- Stockholm Metropolitan Area -- Mathematical models.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby Sten Laurin.
      SeriesSMHI reports meteorology and climatology,, RMK 44
      ContributionsNordic Council of Ministers., MIL 4 (Project : Sweden)
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRA577.S9 L38 1985
      The Physical Object
      Pagination22 p. :
      Number of Pages22
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL2615458M
      LC Control Number85180209

      SOURCE: EPA, b. Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Oxides of nitrogen arise from combustion sources including mobile and stationary sources. Although reductions of NOx have resulted in meeting the NAAQS, further emission reductions have been mandated to reduce ozone and .   Although the term refers to many different types of molecules, sulfur dioxide, or SO2, currently stands as one of the most studied pollutants in the United States. 2. Like NOx, sulfur dioxide is a precursor to acid rain, a phenomenon that can have a major impact on plant communities at .

      Exposure data Data on O3 and NOx, as indicators of traffic pollution, were provided by the City of Stockholm Environment and Health Administration. O3 data from two monitoring stations were used. Measurements from three different monitoring stations, all at roof level, were used for NOx. NOx emissions are dominated by non-stationary transportation-related sources. In the U.S., SO 2 emissions have steadily declined between and , even though paper production increased by 67% over the period.* * Pinkerton, J. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions from U.S. pulp and paper mills,

      Smog is a type of intense air pollution. The word "smog" was coined in the early 20th century, and is a contraction (portmanteau) of the words smoke and fog to refer to smoky fog; its opacity, and odor. The word was then intended to refer to what was sometimes known as pea soup fog, a familiar and serious problem in London from the 19th century to the midth century. The derived NOx emissions show generally good agreement with bottom-up inventories for power plants and cities. Regional inventory shows better agreement with top-down estimates for Chinese cities compared to global inventory, most likely due to different downscaling approaches adopted in .


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Population exposure to SO₂ and NOx from different sources in Stockholm by Sten Laurin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Population exposure to SO and NOx from different sources in Stockholm (SMHI reports meteorology and climatology) by Laurin, Sten (ISBN:) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Sten Laurin. For NOx and PM10, the concentrations at the central monitoring stations are shown to overestimate exposure when compared to dispersion model calculations of spatially resolved, population-weighted.

Two air pollutants, oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM10), are monitored and modelled employing Airviro air quality dispersion modelling system in Sheffield, United Kingdom. The aim is to determine the most significant emission sources and their spatial variability. NOx emissions (ton/year) from road traffic, point and area sources for the year were, and Cited by: 1.

OECD Key environmental indicators (KEI), Available indicator: SOx and NOx emission intensities Medium term indicator: Population exposure to air pollution.

next. previous. items. Do something for our planet, print this page only if needed. Even a small action can make an enormous difference when millions of people do it!.

nitrogen dioxide, population exposure, health impact assessment, risk assessment, socio-economic valuation Bibliographic data IVL Report B The report can be ordered via Homepage:e-mail: [email protected], fax+46 (0) 90, or via IVL, P.O. BoxSE 31 Stockholm Sweden.

NOx concentrations at the street and at urban background were measured during the same period as the sampling of heavy metals using commercial chemiluminescence analysers (Thermo Electron). The total road traffic emissions in Stockholm were estimated by multiplying the emission factors by the total road traffic transports (vehicle kilometres).

To determine the acute effects on respiratory function of children exposed to sulphur dioxide (SO₂), we conducted two population-based longitudinal investigations near a major oil refinery.

Air pollution – the combination of outdoor and indoor particulate matter, and ozone – is a risk factor for many of the leading causes of death including heart disease, stroke, lower respiratory infections, lung cancer, diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Nordling et al. () prospectively followed children in Stockholm, Sweden, from birth until 4 years of age and found that exposure to traffic-related air pollution during the first year of life was associated with an excess risk of persistent wheezing of (95% CI, –) for a µg/m3 increase in traffic NOx.

In a later study of births in Stockholm in the period throughwe used the modeled level of nitrogen oxides (NOx) at the home address as a vehicle exhaust indicator and found the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders to increase with exhaust exposure.

While most studies have used total PM estimated from monitoring. Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances are introduced into Earth's s of air pollution include gases (such as ammonia, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane and chlorofluorocarbons), particulates (both organic and inorganic), and biological may cause diseases, allergies and even death to humans; it may also cause.

Famous ancient reconstructed vasa vessel in Stockholm, Sweden. On Easter, children dress up as witches and go trick-or-treating. The first ice hotel of the world was built near the village of Jukkasjärvi, Sweden. Sweden has a long and interesting history, magnificent architecture, friendly people, and stunning landscape make it one of the countries in the world one can never.

The annual emissions of NOx and SO~ from the anthropogenic fossil fuel source are projected onto a 1latitude by 1longitude distribution of human population density within each country. This gives a high resolution geographic database of the annual emission of NO~ and SO~ from fossil fuel for the year on a global scale.

Abstract. Assessment of human exposure to air pollution is a fundamental part of the more general process of health risk assessment. The measurement methods for exposure assessment now include personal exposure monitoring, indoor-outdoor sampling, mobile monitoring, and exposure assessment modeling (such as proximity models, interpolation model, air dispersion models, and land.

Oxides of nitrogen (NOx) Low levels of oxides of nitrogen can irritate eyes, nose, throat and lungs, possibly leading to coughing, shortness of breath, tiredness and nausea. Exposure can also result in a build up of fluid in the lungs for days after exposure.

Stockholm. County in Sweden. Contents: Subdivision. The population development in Stockholm as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images).

The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth). Sahsuvaroglu T, Su JG, Brook J, Burnett R, Loeb M, Jerrett M. Predicting personal nitrogen dioxide exposure in an elderly population: integrating residential indoor and outdoor measurements, fixed-site ambient pollution concentrations, modeled pollutant levels, and time-activity patterns.

J Toxicol Environ Health A. ; 72 (23)– STOCKHOLM CONVENTION ON PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS The Parties to this Convention, Recognizing that persistent organic pollutants possess toxic properties, resist degradation, bioaccumulate and are transported, through air, water and migratory species, across international boundaries and deposited far from their place of release, where they.

Sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions; Environment at a Glance OECD Indicators This book includes key environmental indicators endorsed by OECD Environment Ministers and major environmental indicators from the OECD Core Set.

These indicators reflect environmental progress made since the early s and thus contribute. @article{osti_, title = {Using E-PRTR data on point source emissions to air and water—First steps towards a national chemical footprint}, author = {Sörme, L., E-mail: @ and Palm, V.

and KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, SE 44 Stockholm and Finnveden, G.}, abstractNote = {There is a great need for indicators to. Control of Sox Nox – Coal Fired Power Plants Conference – Mission Energy 22nd & 23rd Dec Innovation is anything, but business as usual.

Presence of SO2 & NOx in flue Gas • Emissions from a Power Plant Predominantly consist of CO2, & in small quantities - CO, Sulphur-Di-Oxide (SO2), Oxides of Nitrogen(Nox).This depends on the use of different exposure-response functions where non-exhaust PM is considered to have less impact on mortality.

The results also show that the emissions from the sources in Stockholm also have an influence on the population exposure in the rest of Sweden and in Europe.

This is due to the formation of secondary PM from.Sources: Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) – Regulation In brief, the provisions of MARPOL Annex VI and the year of passing the regulation are: – NOx regulation Tier1 for new engines post – Emission Control Area fuel sulfur 1% (currently %) Global Tier 2 NOx for new engines (IMO Tier 1 less 15 to 20%) (engine tuning).